Bacterial Vaginosis: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment Options

Bacterial Vaginosis

What is Bacterial Vaginosis?

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is an infection caused by an imbalance of bacteria in the vagina. It is a common problem that causes itching, some odor and grayish-white discharge. Bacterial Vaginosis occurs when the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina is disrupted, and too much of certain types of bad bacteria grow.

What Causes Bacterial Vaginosis?

The exact cause of BV is not known, but there are certain risk factors that increase a woman’s chance of developing it. For example, having sex with multiple partners, douching, vaginal sprays, and scented soaps. Women who have recently changed their birth control method may also be at increased risk.

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Symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis

Common symptoms of BV include:

  • Thin white, gray or yellow discharge
  • Burning or itching sensation around the vulva
  • Strong smelling fishy odor, particularly after sex
  • Pain and discomfort during intercourse

Treatment Options for Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial Vaginosis can be treated with medications prescribed by a doctor. Oral or topical antibiotics may be used. However, it is important to note that BV can recur, and that it may be necessary to repeat treatments in order to effectively manage the infection.

Health Considerations

It is important to seek treatment for BV, as untreated BV can increase your risk of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and other sexually transmitted infections such as HIV and gonorrhea. If you are pregnant and have BV, it is especially important to seek treatment as it increases the risk of premature labor, low birth weight and other complications.


Bacterial Vaginosis is a common infection caused by an imbalance of bacteria in the vagina. It can cause itching, discharge, and a strong fishy odor, and is often treated with antibiotics. It is important to seek treatment as untreated BV can increase your risk of serious health complications.

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