Colorectal Cancer: Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Colorectal Cancer

Reducing The Risk Of

Colorectal cancer is one of the most dangerous forms of cancer, and it is the third-leading cause of cancer death in Americans. Knowing the methods of prevention, diagnosis, and treatment can provide individuals with tools to reduce the risk of developing colorectal cancer.

Prevention

As with many other forms of cancer, early detection is a key factor in successful treatment. Fortunately, erectal cancer prevention is possible by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Here are some tips for reducing the risk of developing colorectal cancer:

  • Maintain a healthy diet that is low in red or processed meats and rich in vegetables, whole grains, and fruits.
  • Exercise for at least 30 minutes a day.
  • If you have any symptoms, schedule a screening with your physician.
  • If you are age 50 or older, consider getting a colonoscopy.
  • If you have a family history of colorectal cancer, consider genetic testing.

Diagnosis

Early diagnosis of colorectal cancer is essential for successful treatment. The earliest warning signs include:

  • A change in your normal bowel habits, such as diarrhea, constipation, or narrowing of the stool.
  • Bloody or black stools.
  • Stomach pain, cramps or tenderness.
  • Feeling full or having difficulty eating.

If you experience any of these symptoms, contact your doctor immediately.

Treatment

Treatment for colorectal cancer typically involves surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. Since the therapy depends on the stage of the cancer, it’s important to catch it as early as possible.

Improving Your Health

Colorectal cancer is a preventable disease, but individuals must be proactive about their health in order to reduce their risk. Engaging in regular physical activity, eating a healthy diet, and getting regular screening exams is essential for staying healthy and reducing the risk of colorectal cancer.

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