Common Infectious Diseases and How to Prevent Them
Infectious diseases remain one of the leading public health threats in the world today. The Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) estimates that infectious diseases cause up to 25% of all deaths globally. Preventing infectious diseases is therefore essential for safeguarding the health and well-being of communities around the world.
Types of Common Infectious Diseases
Infectious diseases are caused by microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. Some of the most common infectious diseases include diarrhea, influenza, measles, malaria, and HIV/AIDS.
Ways to Prevent Infectious Diseases
Fortunately, there are several ways to prevent these and other infectious diseases from spreading. These include:
- Vaccination: The most effective means of preventing infectious disease is vaccine-preventable diseases. Vaccines help to build a person’s natural immunity against common illnesses, such as tetanus and the flu.
- Good hygiene: Good hygiene such as handwashing with soap and water, and covering your mouth when you cough or sneeze will help to reduce the spread of germs.
- Safe food and water: Eating food that has been cooked properly and drinking clean water will also help to prevent disease.
- Reasonable travel: Staying away from places with high rates of infectious disease, and taking precautions when travelling internationally can help to reduce risk.
- Regular exercise: Exercise helps to boost immunity and strengthen the body, helping it to fight off infections.
Maintaining Good Health
In addition, a healthy lifestyle is important for overall health and well-being. Simple steps such as regular physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet and getting enough sleep can help to reduce the risk of illnesses and protect against infectious diseases.
Taking these simple steps and precautions can go a long way to promoting good health and preventing diseases. If a person suspects that they have an infectious disease, it is important to seek medical help as soon as possible so that appropriate treatment can be given.