Control Diabetes to Avoid Nephropathy: What to Know About This Chronic Kidney Disease

Control Diabetes

and Health

Many people with diabetes can develop a serious kidney condition called nephropathy. Nephropathy can cause lasting damage to the kidneys and other organs, and is a common complication of diabetes. People with diabetes need to be aware of the risks and know how to keep their kidney health in check.

What is diabetic nephropathy?

Nephropathy is a condition where the kidneys become damaged. It is caused by uncontrolled blood sugar in people with diabetes, either type 1 or type 2. High levels of glucose in the blood can damage the small blood vessels in the kidneys, leading to kidney damage. Over time, this can progress to kidney failure.

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Nephropathy often has no symptoms at first and can go undetected for years. As the condition progresses, however, people may experience swelling in the feet and ankles, fatigue, increased urination and nausea.

Preventing Nephropathy

For people with diabetes, the key to preventing nephropathy is to maintain blood glucose at a normal level. This can be done through diet, exercise, and if needed, medication. Regular check-ups with a doctor are important to monitor blood sugar levels and to detect any signs of kidney damage.

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If nephropathy is detected, treatment is focused on reducing further damage to the kidneys. Medication may be prescribed to control blood sugar levels and reduce fluid retention. If the damage is severe, dialysis or a kidney transplant might be needed.

Kidney health is an important part of diabetes management. By keeping blood sugar levels under control and monitoring kidney function, people with diabetes can help prevent or delay the development of nephropathy.

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