Diabetic Neuropathy: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

Diabetic Neuropathy

Diabetic Neuropathy is a condition that affects people with high blood sugar levels (Diabetes Mellitus) when nerve damage occurs due to damage caused by severe sugar levels in the blood. It is a condition that can be painful and even disabling. But, it is a treatable condition.

Causes

Diabetic Neuropathy is caused by high levels of glucose in the blood. When the body cannot use glucose properly, it becomes toxic and this damages the nerves. High blood sugar levels can damage small vessels that supply the nerves with essential nutrients and oxygen. Damage to the nerves results in lasting nerve issues.

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Symptoms & Treatments

Diabetic neuropathy can lead to a variety of symptoms, such as burning, tingling, or numbness in the feet, hands, arms, and legs, and also muscle weakness. Pain can range from mild to severe, and can be worse at night or when walking.

Although there is no cure for diabetic neuropathy, treatments can help slow the progression of nerve damage and improve the quality of life. These treatments may include medications, lifestyle changes, and physical therapy. Pain management is also an important part of treatment.

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Medications

Medications are often prescribed to help treat diabetic neuropathy. Pain relief medications, such as over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers, can help reduce the pain caused by neuropathy. Other medications that are sometimes prescribed are antidepressants, anticonvulsants, and topical creams.

Lifestyle Changes

Lifestyle changes can also be effective in improving the symptoms of diabetic neuropathy. Eating a healthy diet, controlling blood glucose levels, exercising regularly, and avoiding alcohol are some of the lifestyle changes that can help.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy can help improve the strength and flexibility of muscles and reduce pain. Exercises can help increase circulation, build muscle tone, and give a person with diabetic neuropathy a better overall quality of life.

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Healthy Living & Prevention

The best way to prevent diabetic neuropathy is to keep blood sugar levels within the normal range. This is done by managing diabetes in a healthy way. Eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and taking medications as prescribed are important for preventing and managing diabetes.

In addition, regularly monitoring blood glucose levels and seeing a doctor as needed can help prevent complications and keep diabetes under control. With proper management, people with diabetes and diabetic neuropathy can manage the condition and enjoy a healthy and fulfilling life.

Keywords: Diabetic Neuropathy, Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, Pain Relief, Medications, Lifestyle Changes, Physical Therapy

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