What is Chlamydia?
Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs). It is caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis and can affect both men and women. In some cases, it can even be passed on to an infant during birth. If left untreated, it can cause serious long-term health problems, including infertility, so it’s important to get tested and treated right away if you think you may be at risk.
What are the Causes of Chlamydia?
Chlamydia is most often spread through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex with a person who has the infection. It can also be spread through contact with infected genital fluids, such as semen and vaginal secretions. In rare cases, it can also be passed on to a child during childbirth if the mother has Chlamydia.
What are the Symptoms of Chlamydia?
In many cases, there are no symptoms of Chlamydia. If symptoms do appear, men may experience a discharge from their penis or pain when urinating. Women may experience vaginal discharge or pain when urinating, as well as pain during sex. In some cases, infected women may have lower-abdominal pain and bleeding between periods.
What Is the Treatment for Chlamydia?
Chlamydia can be treated with antibiotics. It’s important to talk to a healthcare provider about which medication is best for you. Your healthcare provider may also recommend testing for other STIs, such as gonorrhea and syphilis, if you have Chlamydia. It’s important to tell your sexual partners if you have Chlamydia, so they can get tested and treated as well.
What Are the Health Complications of Chlamydia?
If left untreated, Chlamydia can cause serious health problems. In women, it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, which can cause infertility. In men, it can lead to inflammation of the testicles and prostate. It can also increase a person’s risk of HIV.
How to Prevent Chlamydia?
The best way to prevent Chlamydia is to practice safer sex, including using condoms and dental dams. It’s also important to get tested for STIs on a regular basis, especially if you have multiple sexual partners. You should also talk to your healthcare provider about getting vaccinated against Chlamydia and other STIs.