Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlargement of the prostate gland, which is located just below the bladder in men and can affect health in a variety of ways. While it is common in ageing men, BPH is not necessarily part of the natural ageing process, and it can cause a number of issues if left untreated.
What Causes BPH?
The exact cause of BPH is still unknown, but some research suggests that factors such as age, obesity and hormones might be related to its onset.
What Are the Symptoms?
The most common symptoms of BPH are difficulty starting and maintaining a steady stream of urine, frequent trips to the bathroom, and a weak stream when you do urinate. These symptoms can interfere with everyday life, and there may be changes in the frequency and post-void residuals of urination.
How Is BPH Diagnosed?
Your doctor can diagnose BPH by carrying out a physical examination and asking about your symptoms. They may also want to do a prostate gland-specific antigen (PSA) test and a digital rectal exam to check for tenderness or signs of blockage in the prostate. Other tests, such as ultrasound or cystoscopy, may be recommended.
Treatments for BPH
There are a number of treatment options available for BPH, including medications, lifestyle changes, and surgery. Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history to determine which option is best for you.
Medicines can be used to relieve symptoms, shrink the prostate, or reduce the production of prostate hormones.
Lifestyle changes such as limiting sitting time and drinking less fluids at night can also be helpful.
Surgery may be needed if symptoms are severe and medications have not worked. One common surgery for BPH is transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).
How to Prevent BPH
The best way to prevent BPH is to make lifestyle changes such as keeping your weight down, eating a healthy diet, and exercising regularly. It can also help to limit your intake of caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco. Making sure to get regular check-ups is essential for men over the age of 45.
It’s important to know that BPH can be managed, and there are measures you can take to improve your quality of life. If you’re experiencing any of the symptoms of BPH, make an appointment with your doctor for an evaluation.
Keywords: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, BPH, prostate gland, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, prevention.