Facts About Melioidosis: How To Avoid and Treat This Dangerous Infection

Facts About

What is Melioidosis?

Melioidosis is an infectious disease caused by a bacteria called Burkholderia pseudomallei. It is usually found in soil and stagnant water. If a person comes into contact with this type of environment, they can become infected when it enters the body, usually through cuts or scratches. It can also be contracted through inhalation of aerosolized bacteria from contaminated soil or water.

Symptoms of Melioidosis

The symptoms of melioidosis vary depending on the type and severity of the infection. Common symptoms include fever, chills, headache, body aches, rash, chest pain, difficulty breathing, coughing up blood, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and nausea. Other symptoms can include confusion, memory loss, confusion and difficulty concentrating.

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How to Prevent Melioidosis

The best way to prevent melioidosis is to avoid contact with contaminated soil or water. Wear protective clothing, gloves, and shoes when working or playing near soil or standing water, and wash hands and any clothing that has been exposed thoroughly. In addition, it is also important to get prompt medical attention if you show signs of a possible infection.

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Treating Melioidosis

Treatment for melioidosis typically involves a combination of antibiotics, such as doxycycline or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and possibly drugs such as ceftazidime or ceftriaxone. Treatment may involve hospitalization if the infection is severe, and can take weeks to months to complete. In some cases, surgery may be required to remove damaged tissue or organs.

Key Takeaways

  • Burkholderia Pseudomallei is the bacteria responsible for Melioidosis
  • Symptoms vary depending on the type of infection and severity
  • Protective clothing, gloves, and shoes should be worn when close to standing water and soil.
  • Antibiotics and possibly surgery may be required to treat melioidosis

Melioidosis is a dangerous infection, but with proper preventative measures and timely medical attention, it can be avoided and treated. If you suspect you have been exposed to contaminated soil or water and are showing any symptoms, see your doctor immediately for evaluation.

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