Facts About Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Risk Factors & Treatment Options

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Facts about Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Risk Factors and Treatment Options

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a form of skin cancer caused by prolonged exposure to the sun or ultraviolet radiation. This type of cancer is one of the most common forms of skin cancer and can be found in both men and women. Here are some facts about SCC that can help you understand your risk and the treatment options that are available.

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Risk Factors

  • Age: Older age is the biggest risk factor for SCC. Those over the age of 40 are more likely to develop SCC.
  • Skin Type: People with fair skin, light hair and blue eyes are more likely to develop SCC than those with darker skin.
  • Sun Exposure: Those who spend a lot of time in the sun or tanning beds are at higher risk for developing SCC.
  • Weakened Immune System: A weakened immune system due to an autoimmune disorder or HIV can increase your risk of SCC.

Treatment Options

The primary treatment for SCC is surgery. Depending on the size and location of the tumor, the tumor may need to be surgically removed. Other treatments such as radiation therapy and topical creams may also be used to treat SCC. If your SCC is identified early and caught before it has spread, the chances of a full recovery are good.

Tips for Better Skin Health

The best way to reduce your risk of developing SCC is to protect your skin from the sun. This can be done by:

  • Wearing sunscreen: Choose a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30, and make sure to reapply it every two hours.
  • Staying in the shade: Seek shade whenever possible, especially during the peak hours of sun exposure.
  • Wearing protective clothing: Try to wear a wide-brimmed hat and protective clothing when outdoors.

By following these simple tips, you can limit your exposure to the sun and reduce your risk of developing SCC.

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