Falls And Fractures: Understanding The Risks & Preventing Injury And Health
Falls and fractures are one of the leading causes of injury and death among seniors over the age of 65. Falls may be the most common causes of traumatic injury, and often result in fractures, require hospitalization, and may even lead to death. As we age, our bodies become more fragile and our response times slower, making falls even more dangerous. In the United States, falls are the leading cause of injury-related death for individuals over 65.
What Causes Falls Among The Elderly?
Falls among the elderly can be caused by a variety of factors. Physical conditions such as poor vision, decreased balance, muscle weakness, and abnormal gait can all increase the likelihood of a fall. Medications such as sleeping pills and anti-depressants can also make one more susceptible to falls. Environmental factors, such as clutter and uneven surfaces, can increase the risk of falls as well.
What Are The Complications Of Falls?
The most common complication of falls is fracture. Approximately 20-30% of people who fall suffer a fracture. The most common fractures are hip, wrist, and vertebrae fractures, which can be extremely painful, require long recovery times, and can even lead to death in some cases. Other complications of falls can include head injuries, soft tissue injuries, and emotional trauma.
What Can Be Done To Lower The Risk Of Falls & Fractures?
There are a few key steps that can be taken to lower the risk of falls and fractures in the elderly. The first step is to identify any risk factors that may result in a fall, such as medication, physical conditions, and environmental factors.
The second step is to take action to address the risk factors. This may include vision tests and medication reviews to address any medical conditions, as well as making physical changes to the home to reduce the risk of falls.
The third step is to engage in regular exercise to improve balance, strength, and flexibility. Exercise can also help to reduce the risk of falling by improving reaction time.
Finally, it is important to speak to a doctor about any falls that have occurred, and to understand the risks of falling and the steps that can be taken to prevent falls in the future.
Falls and fractures can be very serious and even deadly, but with the right precautions and exercise, the risk can be significantly decreased. By understanding the risks, taking the proper steps, and engaging in regular exercise, seniors can stay active and safe for many years to come.
Keywords: Falls, Fractures, Injury, Health, Elderly, Risks, Prevention, Exercise.