Gastrointestinal perforation is a medical condition where one of the organs in the gastrointestinal tract experiences a tear or puncture in its wall. The digestive tract includes the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and rectum. This severe injury can cause a range of health complications and requires immediate medical attention.
Common Causes of Gastrointestinal Perforation
Common causes of gastrointestinal perforation include abdominal trauma, infection, peptic ulcer disease, and inflammatory bowel disease. In some cases, this condition can occur due to complications from surgery or something known as spontaneous perforation.
Symptoms of Gastrointestinal Perforation
When a patient experiences gastrointestinal perforation, they may have serious symptoms that include fever, swelling in the abdomen, and abdominal pain. Additionally, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are all common signs of a perforation.
Treatments and Health
When the diagnosis is made or suspected, the patient should immediately go to the hospital. Emergency treatments must be administered quickly to prevent further damage. Typically, the doctor will insert a tube into the abdomen to prevent air leakage and provide drainage. Surgery is often necessary to repair the perforation and close the defect.
It is also important to take steps to ensure health even after the patient is released from the hospital. The patient should stick to a soft diet and avoid any strenuous activities for at least 6 weeks after recovery. Additionally, the patient should follow the doctor’s recommendation for additional tests and examinations to ensure that the perforation is healing properly.