Gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It is one of the most globally prevalent STIs, with an estimated 78 million new cases occurring each year worldwide. Signs and symptoms vary depending on the type of infection, but can range from mild discomfort to severe pain. In this post, we will discuss the different symptoms, treatments, and prevention methods available for gonorrhea.
What Are the Symptoms of Gonorrhea?
The most common sign of gonorrhea is a painful, burning sensation during urination. Other unusual symptoms may also be present, such as:
- Greenish, yellowish discharge from the penis or vagina
- Inflammation or tenderness in the genitals
- Pain or swelling in the testicles
- Painful or unusual discharge from the rectum
- Fatigue, fever, and general body aches
How Is Gonorrhea Treated?
Gonorrhea is generally treated with a course of antibiotics such as ceftriaxone or cefixime. These antibiotics are often administered in a single dose and are usually taken with food. Antibiotics are generally very effective in treating gonorrhea, and patients should feel much better within a few days.
Prevention of Gonorrhea
The only sure way to prevent gonorrhea is to abstain from any sexual activity or practice safe sex. This includes using barrier protection such as condoms or dental dams. It is also important to be tested regularly and to practice regular, open communication with your partner.
The Connection Between Gonorrhea and Health
Gonorrhea is a potentially serious infection that can have long-term, negative health implications. If left untreated, it can cause infertility in both men and women as well as other complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease and an increased risk for HIV and other STIs. For this reason, it is important to get tested regularly and seek treatment as soon as possible if you suspect you may have gonorrhea.