Hematological Disorders: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Hematological Disorders

What Are Hematological Disorders?

Hematological disorders are diseases that affect the normal production and function of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets within the body. These disorders can be either acquired or inherited, and may lead to abnormalities like anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, bleeding and clotting problems, lymphomas, or bone marrow failure.

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Causes of Hematological Disorders

Hematologic disorders can be caused by genetic mutations, infections (such as HIV/AIDS and malaria) and certain drugs or toxins. In some cases, there may be no known cause.

Symptoms and Signs of Hematological Disorders

The symptoms of hematologic disorders vary widely depending on the type, but some common signs and symptoms include fatigue, pallor, easy bruising and bleeding, fever, sweats, an enlarged spleen or lymph nodes, bone and/or joint pain, and swollen legs.

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Treatment for Hematologic Disorders

Treatment for hematologic disorders usually involves controlling symptoms and reducing the risk of complications. Treatments may include transfusions of red blood cells, platelets and/or plasma; medication to stop the body from forming blood clots; chemotherapy; radiation therapy; antibiotics; or stem cell transplantation.

Protecting Your Health With Hematologic Disorders

Though many hematologic disorders cannot be prevented, there are a few steps you can take to protect your health and reduce your risk of developing these conditions. These include eating a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, avoiding smoking and alcohol, and getting vaccinated against infections. It’s also important to practice good hygiene habits and schedule regular check-ups with your health care provider.

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