What is Hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B is a viral infection that causes inflammation of the liver. It is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It is a serious disease that can lead to permanent liver damage, cirrhosis, and even liver cancer. It is spread through contact with infected blood, bodily fluids, and sex.
Causes of Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is caused by the HBV. It is passed from one person to another through contact with infected blood, saliva, semen, and other bodily fluids. It can also be spread through sexual contact, sharing of needles, or from a mother to her baby during child birth.
Symptoms of Hepatitis B
Symptoms of hepatitis B may vary, but typically include fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), and joint pain. Some people may not experience any symptoms at all.
Diagnosis of Hepatitis B
To diagnose hepatitis B, your doctor may perform blood tests such as an antigen or antibody test. If these tests are positive, they can indicate that you have the virus. Your doctor may also perform a liver biopsy or imaging tests like an ultrasound or CT scan to check for signs of damage to your liver.
Treatment of Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is treatable with antiviral medications. These medications can help reduce the amount of virus in your body and slow the progression of the disease. In some cases, they can even help the virus to become undetectable.
Health Tips to Protect Against Hepatitis B
• Practice safe sex.
Use condoms and other forms of protection to reduce your risk of infection through sexual contact.
Avoid sharing any needles or other items that may have come in contact with an infected person’s blood.
• Get vaccinated.
Hepatitis B vaccines are available and are an effective way to protect yourself against the virus.
• Practice good hygiene.
Be sure to practice good hygiene, such as washing your hands, to avoid transmitting the virus to others.
By taking proper preventive measures, you can greatly reduce your risk of becoming infected with hepatitis B or spreading the virus to others.