HIV/AIDS: What You Need to Know for Prevention and Treatment

Prevention Treatment

, and Health

HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a virus that breaks down the body’s immune system and makes it difficult for the body to fight infection and disease. AIDS, or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, is the most advanced stage of the virus, in which the body is no longer able to fight off infections or illness.

Transmission

HIV is most often transmitted through sexual contact with an infected partner, but can also be contracted through the sharing of contaminated needles or body fluids, or if a mother is HIV positive and passes the virus on to her child.

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Prevention

The best way to prevent HIV is to practice safe sex, using condoms and other protective measures such as using water or silicon-based lubricants to reduce the risk of transmission. You should also avoid sharing contaminated needles or any other body fluids with those who are infected. If you are pregnant, it is important to get tested for HIV during the prenatal period and to talk to your doctor about the options available for preventing the spread of the virus.

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Treatment

Early diagnosis is key to managing HIV and can help slow the progression of the virus and prolong a healthy life. Treatment typically involves a combination of anti-retroviral (ARV) medications that work together to control the virus and reduce its impact.

Health

Living with HIV requires a commitment to living a healthy lifestyle, including regular medical check-ups, medications and treatments, and healthier eating and exercise habits. Living with HIV also means managing any mental health issues that may arise as a result of the virus and seeking support from family, friends and other support networks.

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Keywords: HIV, AIDS, transmission, prevention, treatment, health, ARV medication, safe sex, check-ups.

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