How to Prevent and Treat Common Stye Eye Infections

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What is a Stye Eye Infection?

A stye eye infection, more formally known as hordeolum, is a bacterial infection that affects the eyelid and surrounding area. Typically, this infection results in swelling, pain, and redness in the affected area. It can be extremely uncomfortable, and may even lead to further complications if not treated properly.

What Causes Stye Eye Infections?

Stye eye infections are caused by bacteria that accumulates in the glands of the eyelid. This can happen as a result of improper hygiene or nutritional deficiencies. Furthermore, certain medical conditions can make these infections more likely, such as those that affect the immune system or circulation.

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How to Prevent Stye Eye Infections

The best way to prevent stye eye infections is to practice proper hygiene, such as:

  • Wash your face regularly: It is important to wash your face every day, as well as to keep the eyelids and lashes clean. This will help to remove dirt, debris, and bacteria that could otherwise cause an infection.
  • Wear clean clothes: Make sure to regularly wash your clothing and make sure that any clothes that come in contact with your eyes are clean and free from any dirt or bacteria.
  • Avoid touching eyes: It is best to avoid rubbing or touching your eyes, as this could spread bacteria and increase your risk of an infection.
  • Visit your doctor: If you have any underlying medical conditions, or feel that you might be at a higher risk of stye eye infections, consult your doctor.

How to Treat Stye Eye Infections

Here are some tips on how to treat stye eye infections:

  • Clean and Disinfect: The best way to treat a stye is to clean and disinfect the infected area. Use a mild soap or antiseptic solution, and gently wash the eyelid and surrounding area twice per day.
  • Apply Warm Compress: Applying a warm compress can help to reduce swelling and pain from the infection. Do this several times a day for best results.
  • Practice Proper Hygiene: It is important to maintain proper hygiene in order to prevent the infection from spreading or recurring. Avoid sharing towels, washcloths, and other items with others.
  • Seek Medical Treatment: If the infection is severe or persists, consult your doctor as they may need to prescribe antibiotics or other treatments to help clear up the infection.


A stye eye infection can be very uncomfortable and may lead to further complications if not treated properly. Therefore, it is important to practice good hygiene and seek medical attention if necessary. By following simple steps like washing the face and applying a warm compress, you can help to prevent and treat stye eye infections and ensure your health.

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