Keratitis is a condition that affects the eye’s cornea, the clear, curved layer on the front of the eye. It is most often caused by bacteria, virus, or injury, and can cause severe vision loss if left untreated. In this post, we’ll explore the symptoms, causes, and treatment of Keratitis and its effect on vision health.
Symptoms of Keratitis
Keratitis symptoms vary depending on the severity of the condition but can include:
- Eye Redness
- Pain and Discomfort
- Blurry Vision
- Sensitivity to Light
- Tearing or Discharge from the Eye
Causes of Keratitis
Keratitis is most commonly caused by an infection with bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites, but can also be caused by environmental factors such as over-exposure to ultraviolet light or contact lens wear. Other causes include:
- Eye Injury
- Chemical Irritants
- Immune System Disorders
- Allergic Reactions
Treatment for Keratitis
Treatment for Keratitis will depend on the type and severity of the infection, and may include:
- Prescription Eye Drops
- Oral or Topical Antibiotics
- Resting to Allow the Eye to Heal
- Corneal Transplant (In severe cases)
For those with a severe case of Keratitis, a corneal transplant may be recommended, in which the affected area of the cornea is removed and replaced with a healthy cornea. Surgery risk and recovery time are factors to consider before making the decision.
Keratitis is a painful, potentially vision-threatening condition. By understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatments for Keratitis, you can make an informed decision about eye care and take proactive steps to preserve your vision health.