Learn About Hepatitis B: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, & Prevention

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Hepatitis B is an infectious disease that is caused by the hepatitis B virus. It is a common virus that affects the liver and can be spread through contact with an infected person’s blood or other body fluids. If treated promptly and properly, hepatitis B can be a very manageable condition.

Causes and Transmission of Hepatitis B

The hepatitis B virus is most commonly spread by direct contact with infected blood, pre-chewed food, shared needles, or sexual contact with an infected person. It can also be spread from a mother to her baby during birth.

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Symptoms of Hepatitis B

Those infected with the virus may not experience any symptoms right away. However, once the virus begins to manifest, some common signs and symptoms of hepatitis B are:

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Joint pain
  • Nausea
  • Jaundice
  • Dark-colored urine

Treatment and Prevention of Hepatitis B

Treatment for hepatitis B focuses on managing the infection and preventing its spread. It may include medications to help relieve symptoms and reduce inflammation. An effective vaccine is also available and is a key part of prevention methods. Vaccinating, practising safe sex, and avoiding sharing needles are some of the best ways to protect yourself and others from the virus.

When to See a Doctor

If you think you may have been exposed to the hepatitis B virus, it’s important to get tested. Early detection and treatment can reduce the risk of serious liver problems. You should also see a doctor if you are experiencing symptoms of hepatitis B.

By understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatments of hepatitis B, you can take action to protect yourself and your loved ones from this virus. Taking steps to avoid infection, like getting vaccinated and practising safe sex, can help maintain good health and wellbeing.

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