Learn About Trichomoniasis: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

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An Overview of Trichomoniasis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Health

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by a parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. It is found in both men and women, but it is more common in women. If left untreated, it can cause serious health problems and increase the risk of HIV. It is important to recognize the symptoms of trichomoniasis, so that people who have it can get treated as soon as possible.

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What Are the Symptoms of Trichomoniasis?

The most common symptom of trichomoniasis is frothy, yellowish-green vaginal discharge. Other symptoms may include pain or burning during urination, painful intercourse, itching of the genital area, and an unusual odor. Men may have white discharge from the penis, mild irritation inside the penis, or itching around the penis.

How Is Trichomoniasis Diagnosed?

Trichomoniasis can be diagnosed with a physical exam, a lab test, or both. For the physical exam, your doctor will look for signs of infection in the genital area. For the lab test, your doctor will take a sample of the discharge and have it tested in a laboratory.

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How Is Trichomoniasis Treated?

Trichomoniasis is treated with antibiotics. The most common antibiotic used to treat trichomoniasis is metronidazole. Your doctor may also prescribe other antibiotics to treat any other infections that may be present in the genital area.

What Are the Health Risks of Trichomoniasis?

Trichomoniasis can increase the risk of HIV infection, pelvic inflammatory disease, and complications during pregnancy. It can also make it easier for other STDs to be transmitted.

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How Can Trichomoniasis Be Prevented?

The best way to prevent trichomoniasis is to abstain from sexual activity or be in a monogamous relationship with a partner who is not infected. It is also important to practice safe sex by using condoms and getting tested for STDs regularly.

If you think you may have trichomoniasis, it is important to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. With prompt treatment, the infection can be cured and complications can be prevented.

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