Liver Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Liver Cancer

and Health

Liver cancer, also known as hepatocellular carcinoma, is a serious condition that can affect the liver and other parts of the body. Its causes, symptoms and treatments vary greatly, depending on the type and stage of the disease. The most common type of liver cancer is primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which is caused by abnormal growths in the liver cells. If left untreated, it can quickly spread to other organs and tissues.

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Common Causes of Liver Cancer

Many factors can lead to the development of liver cancer. These include chronic and excessive exposure to environmental toxins; chronic viral hepatitis; metabolic disorders like Wilson’s disease; long-term, high-dose use of certain medications; and dietary exposure to aflatoxins, which are toxic compounds found in certain foods. Other risk factors include family history of liver cancer, alcohol misuse, obesity, and smoking.

Signs and Symptoms of Liver Cancer

Early signs and symptoms of liver cancer may be very subtle, often relating to the general feeling of unwellness. These can include fatigue, nausea, lack of appetite, and jaundice – when yellowing of the skin and eyes occurs as a result of high bilirubin levels. Other common symptoms include abdominal pain, significant weight loss, and swelling of the abdomen.

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Treatment for Liver Cancer

Treatment for liver cancer depends on the type and stage of the disease. Generally, doctors will recommend a combination of treatments, such as surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. For advanced cases, new treatments such as immunotherapy and targeted drug therapy may be recommended.

Health Strategies for Preventing Liver Cancer

Though there is no sure way to prevent liver cancer, there are several lifestyle changes and dietary habits that can reduce your risk. The most important include reducing or eliminating alcohol intake, quitting smoking, eating a balanced diet, limiting contact with environmental toxins and any other carcinogens, receiving regular vaccinations, and getting screened and tested for viral hepatitis and other liver diseases on a regular basis.

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By following the guidelines above, you can significantly reduce your chances of developing liver cancer. However, it is also important to consult with a healthcare provider, if you have any questions or concerns. Ultimately, early detection is the key to successful treatment.

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