What is Lung Cancer?
Lung cancer is a type of cancer that begins when cells in the lungs grow uncontrollably and form tumors. It is the leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States and can affect both men and women. Early diagnosis and treatment are key to increasing the chances of survival.
Causes of Lung Cancer
Lung cancer is caused primarily by smoking cigarettes and other tobacco products, as well as exposure to certain chemicals and pollutants in the air. Other factors such as genetics, passive smoking, and radon exposure can also increase the risk of developing the condition.
Signs and Symptoms
Lung cancer can present with a variety of signs and symptoms, including a cough that does not go away, chest pain, shortness of breath, coughing up blood, hoarseness, fatigue, and unexplained weight loss. Other less common symptoms include fever, the swelling of the face, fingers, or toes, and the feeling of heaviness in the chest.
Treatments and Health Options
Treatment for lung cancer depends on the stage of the cancer and may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapies. Patients are also encouraged to make lifestyle changes and follow a healthy diet to help manage their condition. In addition, quitting smoking is essential for improving overall health and extending life expectancy.
Lung cancer is a serious condition that has a high mortality rate. However, early detection and dedicated follow-up care can help improve prognosis and even increase survival rate. If you think you may have any of the symptoms of lung cancer, seek professional medical help.