Maintaining a Healthy Heart: Understanding Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Maintaining Healthy

Maintaining A Healthy Heart: Understanding Dilated Cardiomyopathy and Health

Taking steps to ensure good heart health is vital for a healthy life. Having an understanding of diseases can help to promote a proactive and preventative approach. Today, we’re looking at dilated cardiomyopathy, a disorder marked by the weakening of the heart muscle.

What is Dilated Cardiomyopathy?

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a disorder of the heart muscle in which the heart chambers don’t pump blood efficiently. This leads to the heart enlarging, resulting in inefficient circulation of blood. There are two main types, dilated and restrictive cardiomyopathy.

Causes of Dilated Cardiomyopathy

The exact cause of DCM isn’t known, although often the symptoms can be linked to changes in the body’s metabolism, changes in the composition of the proteins within the heart walls or, in rare cases, a viral infection.

Symptoms of Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Symptoms of DCM typically occur gradually and worsen with time. These may include:

  • Fatigue: Difficulty engaging in physical activity due to lack of energy.
  • Heart murmur: Extra or unusual sounds heard during your heartbeat with a stethoscope.
  • Shortness of breath: Difficulty breathing even when at rest.
  • Abnormal heart rhythm: Atrial fibrillation – an irregular heartbeat.
  • Swollen legs and ankles: Excessive fluid buildup caused by decreased blood circulation.

Treating Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Treatment of DCM often involves medications, lifestyle changes and surgery to help improve the functioning of the heart. These may include medication to reduce stress, reduce swelling and normalize heart rhythms, lifestyle changes such as weight loss and exercise, or the use of a pacemaker. In severe cases, a heart transplant may be necessary.

Preventing Dilated Cardiomyopathy

The best way to prevent DCM is to make sure you practice healthy habits such as eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, avoiding smoking and alcohol, and controlling any existing conditions such as diabetes, high cholesterol and high blood pressure. If you have a family history of DCM, it’s important to talk to your doctor and receive regular check-ups.


Dilated cardiomyopathy is a serious disorder of the heart muscle that can lead to significant complications if left untreated. It’s important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of the disorder, and to practice healthy habits to prevent its onset. If you experience any of the symptoms, it’s crucial to seek medical attention promptly. Taking proactive steps to maintain your heart health can go a long way in protecting your health in the long run.

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