Mood disorders are psychological conditions that interfere with an individual’s ability to regulate their emotions. People suffering from mood disorders may experience extreme highs, extreme lows, or times of combined highs and lows. This can lead to problems functioning in everyday life and can cause distress. There are a number of different mood disorders, including major depression, bipolar disorder and seasonal affective disorder.
Signs and Symptoms of Mood Disorders
The symptoms of mood disorders depend on the type of disorder. Some of the most common symptoms include changes in appetite, sleeping patterns, energy level, and focus. Signs of significant distress or impairment may include feelings of sadness, hopelessness, irritability, anger, guilt, and/or low self-worth. In some cases, there may be suicidal thoughts or feelings of worthlessness.
Causes of Mood Disorders
Mood disorders are complex, and scientists have yet to identify a single cause. Research suggests that a combination of biological, environmental, and psychological factors may play a role. Possible causes include genetics, changes in hormone levels, certain types of medications, chronic illnesses, traumatic events, and family history.
Treatment of Mood Disorders
Treatment for mood disorders typically consists of medication, psychotherapy, and lifestyle interventions. Medications may include antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and antipsychotics. Psychotherapy can include individual, couples, family, and group therapy. Common lifestyle interventions include stress reduction techniques, increased physical activity, and dietary changes.
Health Implications of Mood Disorders
Mood disorders can have serious health implications. People with mood disorders are more likely to suffer from physical ailments, and may have difficulty performing everyday activities. Chronic, untreated mood disorders can lead to serious mental health complications, and can even increase the risk of suicide. Therefore, it is important to seek treatment if you are or someone you know is showing signs of a mood disorder.
Keywords: Mood Disorders, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Health, Distress, Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Significance, Impairment, Medications, Psychotherapy, Lifestyle Interventions, Physical Activity, Dietary Changes.