Mumps is an infectious viral illness that affects parts of the face and neck, including the salivary glands, the mouth, and the throat. Though mumps is usually a mild virus, it can cause serious complications in some cases. Read on to learn about the signs, treatments, and preventions for mumps.
What are the Symptoms of Mumps?
The most common mumps symptoms include swelling and tenderness of the salivary glands on one or both sides of the face, fever, headaches, muscle aches, sore throat, loss of appetite, and feeling generally unwell. Other symptoms can include swollen or painful testicles or ovaries, joint pain, swollen lymph nodes, and a rash.
How is Mumps Treated?
Most of the time, mumps can be treated with home remedies. These can include rest, fluids, and pain relief medications like ibuprofen. If the disease is more serious, a health care provider may prescribe a course of antibiotics. Additionally, any serious complications from mumps, such as meningitis, may require hospitalization and additional medications.
How is Mumps Prevented?
The best way to prevent mumps is to get vaccinated. The mumps vaccine is part of the MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) vaccine and is recommended for children between the ages of 12 months and 15 years old. It is also recommended for adults who have not had mumps or have not been vaccinated. Washing your hands frequently, avoiding close contact with people who are sick, and cleaning surfaces that may be contaminated are also effective ways of preventing mumps.
What to Know About Mumps and Health?
Mumps is generally a mild infection and resolves on its own within a week or two. However, it can cause serious complications like meningitis, hearing loss, and inflammation of the testicles or ovaries. If you experience any of the symptoms of mumps, make sure to see a doctor right away. The best way to prevent mumps is to get vaccinated and practice good hygiene.