Neurofibroma: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Neurofibroma Causes

What is Neurofibroma?

Neurofibroma is a noncancerous tumor that develops along the nerve fibers in the body. It is one of the most common tumors of the nervous system and usually affects children and young adults. While the exact cause of neurofibroma is unknown, mutations in certain genes may lead to the condition.

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Symptoms of Neurofibroma

Some people may be asymptomatic, but if any symptoms do occur then they may be in the form of soft lumps or nodules, swelling and tenderness in the area of the nerves, or pain and numbness. Additionally, neurofibromas may cause problems with vision, hearing, or balance.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Neurofibroma

Tests such as a physical exam, blood tests, imaging studies like an MRI, and a biopsy may be used to diagnose neurofibroma. Treatment options include medications, surgery, radiation therapy, and in some cases, clinical trials of new treatments.

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Medications, such as corticosteroids and anti-seizure medicines, can be used to reduce swelling and improve nerve functioning.


Surgery may be necessary to remove parts of the tumor that are causing problems, to reduce the size of the tumor, or to completely remove it.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy may be an option for the treatment of neurofibromas if the tumor is resistant to surgical and medication treatment.

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Health and Safety Considerations

People with neurofibroma should take caution with activities that involve heavy lifting and exposure to high heat or cold. It is important to stay up to date on all appointments with the doctor in order to avoid any complications. The most important step you can take is to follow your doctor’s instruction for managing the condition and take any medications or treatments as recommended.

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