Neurological Disorders and Huntington’s Disease: Understanding Symptoms and Treatment Options

Neurological Disorders

What is Huntington’s Disease?

Huntington’s Disease (HD) is a progressive neurological disorder that affects the brain and causes changes in movement, behavior, and thinking. It is caused by an inherited mutation in a gene called the huntington gene, and the symptoms can vary from person to person. HD is a hereditary condition that affects more than 30,000 Americans, causing more disability than any other genetic diseases. The risk to family members increases with the age at which an affected member develops the condition.

Symptoms of Huntington’s Disease

Common symptoms of Huntington’s disease include physical as well as psychological symptoms. Physical symptoms may include jerky and involuntary movements, such as twitching, spasms, and tremors, as well as progressive dementia. Emotional and cognitive issues include depression, memory problems, and difficulty concentrating. In addition, people with Huntington’s disease may show changes in body language, facial expression, and difficulty in speaking.

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Diagnosis and Prognosis

Diagnosis of Huntington’s Disease is done through a physical exam, medical history, and genetic testing. The gene test for Huntington’s Disease is available and is recommended for people with family history of the disease, especially if they have a parent or sibling with the disease. It’s important to note that genetic testing can only identify if someone carries the mutated gene, but not if they will develop the symptoms of HD.

For a prognosis, the disease can progress very differently in each patient. Generally, people with HD will live 10 to 20 years after diagnosis and treatment. Unfortunately, there is no cure, but treatments do exist to help manage the symptoms and prolong life.

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Treatment Options for Huntington’s Disease


Medication can help with the involuntary movements associated with HD, as well as help delay the progression of the disease. Common drugs used to treat HD include anticonvulsants, antidepressants, anticholinergics, and antipsychotics.


Surgery may be an option for patients with severe symptoms. Surgery can help control the involuntary movements, improve speech and swallowing, and calm aggressive outbursts.

Physical, Occupational, and Speech Therapy

Rehabilitative therapies are commonly used to help patients manage physical symptoms, as well as psychological and behavioral issues. Physical therapists help patients increase mobility, while occupational therapists focus on helping them become more independent. Speech therapists also work to help improve language skills and speaking abilities.

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Living with Huntington’s Disease

Living with Huntington’s Disease can be a challenging experience, both physically and emotionally. It’s important to have a strong support system, including family members and health care professionals. There are also support groups, organizations, and online resources that are dedicated to helping patients and families cope with living with HD.

Huntington’s Disease is a serious neurological disorder that affects many individuals, and it’s important to be aware of the symptoms and treatment options. With timely diagnosis, proper care, and a strong support system, patients can live a meaningful life.

Keywords: Huntington’s Disease, neurological disorder, symptoms, treatment options, physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, medication, surgery, gene test, risk, psychological

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