Neurological Disorders and Tourette Syndrome: Understanding Symptoms and Treatment Options

Neurological Disorders

Tourette syndrome is a neurological disorder that causes persistent involuntary physical and vocal tics. It is one of a large range of neurological disorders and it is important to understand its symptoms, treatments and effects on health.

What Causes Tourette Syndrome?

The cause of Tourette syndrome is still a matter of research, however, some scientists believe the syndrome is caused by irregularities in the basal ganglia, an area of the brain responsible for controlling movement. Another suggested cause is changes in the levels of neurotransmitters, such as dopamine, which can affect how nerve cells communicate and transmit signals in the brain.

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Tourette Syndrome Symptoms and Treatments

Most cases of Tourette syndrome begin in childhood, usually between the ages of 5 and 7. Common physical symptoms include face twitching, eye blinking, shoulder shrugging, neck stretching and hand clenching. Vocal symptoms can involve repeating a sound or word inappropriate to the situation, a condition known as coprolalia.

Treatment options typically involve medication and therapy, such as psychotherapy or behavioural therapy. Medication such as stimulants, alpha-2 agonists, and botulinum toxin can help reduce tic severity, while using relaxation and sleep strategies can also help improve symptoms.

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Effects of Tourette Syndrome on Health

Aside from the physical and vocal tics, individuals with Tourette syndrome may also experience anxiety or mood disorders such as depression. This can build from physical and social pressures felt from having the syndrome, such as struggling to make friends at school or feeling isolated. The physical fatigue of tics can also cause sleep deprivation and difficulty with concentration.

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Maintaining a sense of control and understanding of Tourette’s can be an important step for individuals affected by the disorder. Education about the condition can help reduce the sense of isolation and open up the potential for more regular and effective treatment options.


Tourette syndrome is a serious neurological disorder that affects many individuals and can cause physical, vocal and mental health issues. It is important to understand the symptoms, treatments and effects on health, in order to manage the condition and ensure the best possible outcomes, as well as reducing feelings of isolation.

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