Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Non-Alcoholic Fatty

What is Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease?

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a condition caused by the buildup of fat in the liver. It is the most common liver disease among adults in industrialized countries, and the number of cases is rising. NAFLD is closely linked to obesity and metabolic conditions, such as diabetes and hypertension. It can lead to serious health complications, including inflammation, cirrhosis, and, in rare cases, can progress to cancer.

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Causes of NAFLD

The exact cause of NAFLD is not yet known, but researchers have identified several risk factors that may increase the chances of developing it. The main risk factors are obesity, type 2 diabetes, high triglycerides, and certain medications. Other factors include poor diet, genetic predisposition, and having a sedentary lifestyle.

Symptoms of NAFLD

In many cases, NAFLD does not have any symptoms and is only discovered after a routine medical checkup. When symptoms do occur, they can include fatigue, weight loss, and abdominal pain. In more severe cases, jaundice, itchy skin, and enlarged veins may indicate the presence of advanced liver disease.

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Treatment & Health

The main goal of treating NAFLD is to reduce the amount of fat in the liver, which can be achieved through lifestyle modifications, such as maintaining a healthy weight, a balanced diet, and regular exercise. In addition, medications such as statins, fibrates, and cholesterol-lowering drugs may be prescribed to reduce levels of harmful fats. In severe cases, surgery may be required to remove some of the fat from the liver.

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The key to preventing NAFLD is early diagnosis and lifestyle management. Regular checkups and tests can help to identify any potential liver issues before they become a major problem. Following healthy lifestyle habits can help to manage and reduce the risk of developing NAFLD.

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