Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infection: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

What is Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infection?

Nontuberculous Mycobacterial infection (NTM) is a type of bacterial infection caused by species of the Mycobacterium family. It affects lungs and/or other fairly deep body parts like the lymph nodes, liver, and heart.

Symptoms of Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infection

NTM infection can take from months to years to cause symptoms and can cause fever, night sweats, chills, chest pain, fatigue, loss of appetite, cough, and shortness of breath. These symptoms are similar to other respiratory illnesses, so it is important to get a proper diagnosis from your healthcare provider.

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Diagnosing Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infection

Diagnosis of NTM requires recognition of the symptoms outlined above and then further diagnostics confirmatory tests such as sputum cultures and bone marrow tests. Bronchoscopy, a procedure that uses a thin, flexible tube with a camera on the end to look inside your airways and lungs, can also be used to investigate signs of infection.

Treatment of Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infection

Treatment of NTM is usually long-term therapy with one or multiple antibiotics. Treatment is typically prescribed after other reversible causes of the symptoms have been ruled out. For example, these could include inhaler use if cough is present, or take medication if blood test shows that there is a possibility of infection.

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Health and Nutrition for Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infection Treatment

Good nutrition is important for recovery following NTM infection. Eating whole unprocessed foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and lean meats can help to boost the immune system, provide nutrients for repair and help to manage the symptoms associated with NTM. Additionally, vitamin D can boost the immune system and intake from sunlight should be balanced with protection from the sun.

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Nontuberculous Mycobacterial infection should be taken seriously and diagnosed properly. Treatment options depend on the type of disease, extent of the infection, and other medical conditions. With proper diagnosis and treatment, NTM can be managed effectively. Good nutrition and health habits like adequate sun exposure, regular activities, and stress management can also help to ensure successful recovery.

Keywords: Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infection, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Health, NTM infection, sputum cultures, Bronchoscopy, antibiotics, nutrition, Vitamin D.

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