An Overview of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Pelvic inflammatory disease, commonly known as PID, is a complication caused by a bacterial infection that affects the female reproductive organs, such as the cervix and uterus. It is generally caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and it is estimated that about 1 million cases occur each year in the United States alone. PID is the second most common cause of pelvic pain after endometriosis.
Common Causes of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
The common causes of PID include bacterial infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. These infections can be spread through sexual intercourse with an infected partner, or they can be spread through contact with infected genital fluids. In some cases, bacteria can also be spread by sharing contaminated clothing or bedding. Additionally, other sources of infection, such as douching or intrauterine devices, can raise the risk of PID.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment
The symptoms of PID vary from person to person, but common symptoms include pain in the lower abdomen, pelvic area, lower back and during sex. Other symptoms that may appear are abnormal vaginal discharge, fever, chills, and painful urination.
In order to diagnose PID, a physical examination and laboratory tests may be performed. An ultrasound may also be used to determine the severity of the infection.
Once a diagnosis of PID is made, it is typically treated with antibiotics. Depending on the type and severity of the infection, additional treatments such as surgical drainage or even a hysterectomy may be needed. The goal of treatment is to reduce the symptoms, prevent further damage to the reproductive organs, and the spread of infection to a partner.
Health Related to Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
It is important to receive treatment as soon as possible, as PID can have serious health complications such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain. Additionally, PID can increase the risk of HIV and other sexually-transmitted infections.
PID is preventable through regular testing for STIs and using protection during sexual contact. It is also important to practice safe sex and abstain from sexual activity with multiple partners.
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