Bacteria-related illness is one of the leading causes of disease and death worldwide. One of the most common bacteria-related illnesses is called campylobacteriosis, which is caused by Campylobacter bacteria. It is a serious health concern and a highly infectious disease that affects humans, pets, and animals.
Campylobacter is a bacteria found in animal products, especially poultry and cattle, as well as in unpasteurized milk and fresh produce. The bacteria usually enters the body via the mouth, though it can enter through the skin as well.
Symptoms of Campylobacter Infection
The most common symptoms of a Campylobacter infection include diarrhea (often bloody), stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, and fever. Symptoms usually appear within two to five days of consumption and typically last around a week.
Preventing Campylobacter Infection
Due to the seriousness and infectious nature of campylobacteriosis, it’s important to take measures to prevent the spread of the bacteria. Some of the most effective methods of prevention include:
- Cook all meat products to the correct temperature, or until they reach an internal temperature of at least 165 degrees Fahrenheit (71 degrees Celsius).
- Avoid drinking unpasteurized milk or any untreated fresh produce in order to be sure that there is no risk of contamination.
- Keep uncooked food away from cooked food when food handling and store all food at the appropriate temperatures.
- Properly wash all utensils, surfaces, and hands that have come into contact with raw meat.
- Dispose of any raw meat that appears spoiled or discolored or has an unusual odor.
Treating Campylobacter Infection
For most sufferers, the symptoms of campylobacteriosis will subside after a few days and treatment is not necessary. In more severe cases, antibiotics can be prescribed and the patient should rest and drink plenty of fluids.
By following the precautionary measures and knowing the symptoms, campylobacteriosis can be prevented, and the spread of the bacteria can be prevented. Prevention and education are key in preventing the spread of this and other bacterial illnesses.