Prevent Norovirus: Understanding Causes, Symptoms and Health Tips
Norovirus is one of the most common viruses affecting humans and it can cause an array of symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, stomach pains, and diarrhea. Understanding what causes it, how it is spread, and the most common symptoms, is vital in preventing and managing it.
What Causes Norovirus:
Norovirus is caused by a family of viruses known as Caliciviridae. It is highly contagious and is spread when people come into contact with contaminated surfaces or objects, or when they consume contaminated food or drinks. It can also spread through contact with an infected person, as particles of the virus can be carried in vomit or excreted in feces.
Common Symptoms of Norovirus:
Norovirus can present with a range of symptoms, including diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and stomach pains. Other associated symptoms include headache, high fever, chills, loss of appetite, and fatigue. It typically results in an abrupt onset of symptoms and can last anywhere from 24-72 hours.
How to Prevent Norovirus:
The best way to prevent norovirus is to practice good hand hygiene and to avoid consuming contaminated foods and beverages. Thoroughly washing hands before and after preparing food or eating can help to reduce the risk of both contracting and spreading the virus. It is also important to avoid consuming raw foods, such as oysters and other shellfish, as the virus can survive in these.
If you think you may have been infected with norovirus, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. It is important to keep hydrated and to rest, as the virus can affect your energy levels. Hospital visits may be necessary if the symptoms are severe, or if there is severe dehydration.
The only way to be sure that someone has norovirus is to get tested by a medical professional. This will ensure that the right steps are taken to manage it, and that the virus is not spread any further.