Tips for Preventing Infectious Diseases: Minimizing Risk and Maximizing Health
Infectious diseases are caused by contagious germs like viruses, bacteria, and parasites, which can spread through contact with an infected person, or through contact with a contaminated object. Though many infectious diseases cannot be prevented, there are many steps you can take to protect yourself and others. Here are tips to prevent infectious diseases and maximize health.
Know the Symptoms
Educate yourself on the symptoms of major infectious diseases to help with early diagnosis and treatment. Knowing the early signs and symptoms can help to stop the spread of the infectious disease, before it spreads to other people.
Maintain Good Hygiene
Good hygiene is the best way to stop the spread of infectious diseases. Wash your hands often and thoroughly with soap and hot water, especially after using the bathroom, before preparing food, and after handling animals. Keep your hands away from your eyes, nose, and mouth. Make sure to cover your nose and mouth when you sneeze or cough, and dispose of tissues promptly and properly.
Some infectious diseases can be prevented with a vaccination. Vaccines help to build up immunity to a certain disease, allowing your body to fight it off more easily if you are exposed to it. Vaccines can be administered at any age, so be sure to check with your doctor or health care provider to get the proper vaccinations for you and your family.
Be Mindful of Food Preparation
Infectious diseases can be spread through food. Be wary of raw meats and eggs, and always cook food thoroughly. When preparing raw food items, use different cutting boards and utensils, and always wash them thoroughly with soap and hot water afterwards. Don’t forget to wash hands before and after handling any food items.
Avoid Contaminated Water Sources
Certain infectious diseases can be spread through contaminated water sources. When travelling, be aware of the local water sources and always avoid drinking, swimming in, or washing with suspect water. Exercise caution when brushing your teeth and make sure to drink only bottled or purified water.
Exercise Caution in Travel Zones
Certain infectious diseases are more common in certain countries and cities. Before travelling to an area, research the infectious diseases to make sure you are aware of how to avoid them. Be wary of unfamiliar foods and listen to your body if something doesn’t feel right.
Keep Up-to-Date with Vaccines
Vaccines are essential for preventing infectious diseases. Make sure you are up-to-date with the proper vaccines for your age group, and make sure to get any additional vaccines recommended for destinations you plan to travel to.
By taking the above steps to prevent infectious diseases you can minimize risk and maximize health. Be sure to stay informed and always follow the recommendations of your local health care professionals.