Preventing Rubella: What You Need to Know to Stay Healthy

Preventing Rubella

and Safe

Rubella, also known as German Measles, is an infectious disease caused by the Rubella virus. It is a common childhood illness that can have serious consequences if contracted by pregnant women, resulting in birth defects or even the miscarriage of the fetus. Fortunately, there is the rubella vaccine that can protect both children and adults from contracting the virus.

Vaccination is Essential for Preventing Rubella

One of the best ways to ensure that you and your family are protected from rubella is to get vaccinated. The rubella vaccine is typically given as part of the MMR (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella) vaccine, but it can also be given as an individual shot. In the United States, the CDC recommends children receive two doses of the MMR vaccine: the first when they are 12-15 months old and the second when they are 4-6 years old. Adults who are not vaccinated or have unknown vaccination status should get at least one dose of the MMR vaccine.

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The Risk of Contracting Rubella

If you are not immunized against rubella, you are at risk of getting the infection. This is particularly a problem if you are pregnant. If a woman contracts rubella while pregnant, the virus can be passed on to the fetus and can cause either biothing defects or miscarriage. The risk is highest during the first 3 months of pregnancy. Rubella is also more severe in adults than in children, so it is important to make sure that everyone in your family is vaccinated.

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Symptoms of Rubella

The symptoms of rubella include a rash, fever, headache, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes. If you have any of these symptoms, seek medical attention immediately. Depending on your age, the doctor may order a blood test to determine whether or not you have been exposed to the virus.

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How to Protect Against Rubella

The best way to protect against rubella is to get vaccinated. It is also important to practice good hygiene, such as washing your hands regularly with soap and water and avoiding close contact with sick people. If you are pregnant or plan on becoming pregnant, be sure to talk to your doctor about your rubella vaccination status.

By following these steps, you can prevent rubella and keep yourself and your family safe and healthy.

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