Prostate Cancer: Signs, Treatments, Prevention Strategies & More

Prostate Cancer

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that develops in a man’s prostate, a small gland located at the base of the male reproductive system. It is the third most common cancer in men worldwide and the second leading cause of cancer death in men in the United States.1 It can occur in men of any age, but it is most frequently diagnosed in men over the age of 50.

Prostate cancer is often asymptomatic in its early stages, but some of the symptoms can include pain in the lower back, difficulty passing urine, the need to urinate often, and blood in the urine or semen. Other signs and symptoms may include pain in the hips, rectal area, or upper thighs.

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Diagnosis and Testing

A doctor may order several tests to diagnose prostate cancer, including a digital rectal exam, a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, or a biopsy of the prostate gland. For some men, genetic testing may be recommended to determine if they are at an increased risk of prostate cancer.

Treatment Options

Treatment options for prostate cancer can vary, depending on the stage and location of the cancer. Options include external beam radiation therapy, androgen deprivation therapy, surgery, and cryosurgery. In some cases, active surveillance and watchful waiting may be recommended.

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Strategies for Prevention

While there is no guaranteed way to prevent prostate cancer, there are some strategies that may help reduce the risk. These include healthy lifestyle changes such as exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet, and cutting back on alcohol. Additionally, some studies have shown that taking aspirin, a dietary supplement containing selenium, oromega-3 fatty acids may help reduce the risk of prostate cancer.

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Maintaining Good Health

Prostate cancer is a serious illness, but it can be effectively managed with early diagnosis, regular screenings, and treatment if necessary. To help manage the risk of prostate cancer, it is important to maintain good overall health. This means eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, getting proper rest, and avoiding lifestyle choices that can put you at an increased risk for cancer. It’s also important to talk to your doctor about your risk factors, family history, and any concerns you may have.

Keywords: Prostate Cancer, Signs, Treatment, Prevention Strategies, Healthy Lifestyle, Risk Factors, Family History


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