Asthma is a chronic lung disease that causes airways to swell and narrow, producing extra mucus. Symptoms of asthma include wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and cough. Asthma affects people of all ages and can be triggered by a variety of substances and conditions.
Identifying Asthma Symptoms
Asthma symptoms vary in severity and frequency, and can be triggered by many different things. Common triggers include pet dander, dust mites, exercise, smoke, air pollutants, and strong scents. People with asthma may experience chronic symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, and chest tightness. They may also experience shortness of breath, and fatigue.
Treatment Options for Asthma
Treatment for asthma includes avoiding potential triggers, taking medications, and possibly consulting a doctor for further recommendations. Inhaled corticosteroids, such as fluticasone, budesonide, and flunisolide, are the most common type of asthma drug. They help reduce inflammation in the airways and prevent asthma attacks. Short-acting bronchodilators, such as albuterol, can open up airways and provide quick relief during an asthma attack. Other treatment options include biologics therapies and leukotriene modifiers.
Maintaining Respiratory Health
In addition to taking medications as prescribed, people with asthma can also take a few lifestyle steps to maintain respiratory health. Avoiding potential triggers can help reduce the frequency and intensity of asthma attacks. It is also important to get regular exercise and eat a healthy diet. Additionally, people with asthma should get a flu shot each year to help prevent exacerbation of symptoms.
Asthma can be a difficult condition to manage but it’s important to remember that understanding your symptoms and establishing a treatment plan with your doctor can help you maintain respiratory health.