Testicular cancer is a relatively uncommon form of cancer that affects the testicles, a male’s primary reproductive organs. Although it is a serious and potentially fatal illness, it is usually very treatable when caught early. If you are experiencing any possible signs of testicular cancer, it is important to discuss symptoms with a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Signs and Symptoms of Testicular Cancer
The most common sign of testicular cancer is an enlargement or lump in one or both testicles. Other signs and symptoms include:
- Pain or aching in the abdomen or groin area
- A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
- Lumps or enlargement of the testicles
- Dull ache in the lower abdomen, back, or groin area
- Unexplained fatigue
These signs do not necessarily mean that a person has testicular cancer, but anyone experiencing these symptoms should contact their healthcare professional for proper diagnosis.
Diagnosing Testicular Cancer
A healthcare professional can perform a physical exam and various tests, including an ultrasound and a biopsy of the testicles, to diagnose testicular cancer. Blood tests can also help to determine if cancer cells are present.
Testicular Cancer Treatment
Testicular cancer is usually treated with surgery and/or radiation therapy. In some cases, chemotherapy may be recommended. Surgery is often the first step in treating testicular cancer and involves removing the affected testicles and any nearby cancerous tissue. This is followed by radiation therapy to reduce the risk of recurrence and stop cancer cells from spreading. In severe cases, chemotherapy may be used to further reduce the risk of spread.
Living with Testicular Cancer and Health
Living with testicular cancer can be difficult, but there are many ways to manage its symptoms and live a normal life. It’s important to make healthy lifestyle choices like eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and getting enough sleep. Additionally, it’s important to stay in regular contact with your healthcare provider to make sure that any symptoms or changes related to the cancer are noticed and addressed promptly.
Testicular cancer is usually very treatable when caught early, and making healthy lifestyle choices and regular visits to the doctor can help improve outcomes. If you are experiencing any of the signs or symptoms of testicular cancer, contact your healthcare professional for further evaluation and treatment.