The Connection Between Infectious Diseases and Environmental Pollution

Connection Between

and Health

Pollution from harmful emissions is increasingly having an impact on our environment. This increase in hazardous pollutants has a direct correlation to a rise in the prevalence of infectious diseases, particular in those individuals living in heavily affected areas. This article will explore the connection between environmental pollution and health, with a particular focus on infectious diseases.

What is environmental pollution?

Environmental pollution is defined as the introduction of contaminants – either natural or man-made – into the environment. This contamination can have adverse effects on human health and the eco-systems of our planet. Common sources of environmental pollution include fossil fuel burning, industrial waste and the burning of materials containing harmful chemicals such as plastic.

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How does environmental pollution lead to infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases are typically caused by microscopic pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi. These pathogens find their way into the environment through human activities such as the emission of pollutants and industrial waste.

The accumulation of airborne toxins and other environmental pollutants in heavily affected areas enables microorganisms to thrive and spread easily. This, in turn, leads to higher rates of infectious diseases in the form of waterborne, airborne, and vector-borne illnesses.

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The impact of environmental pollution on human health

Our planet is home to a variety of bacteria, viruses and other microscopic organisms. While the majority of these are harmless to humans, some microorganisms can cause severe illnesses.

When environmental pollutants enter our atmosphere and make contact with these microorganisms, they can mutate into more virulent forms. This, in turn, leads to the spread of infectious diseases – particularly in areas heavily affected by pollution.

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Common illnesses associated with environmental pollution include respiratory infections, gastrointestinal illnesses, and dermatological diseases. Exposure to pollutants can also lead to an increased risk of cancer and other serious health conditions.


There is a clear connection between environmental pollution and infectious diseases. Pollution from human activities is having a devastating effect on our planet, with heavy pollution leading to increased rates of life-threatening illnesses. Governments, organizations and individuals need to work together to reduce our environmental impact and protect the health of our planet.

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