Thyroid Disorders: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

Thyroid Disorders

What is Thyroid Disorders?

Thyroid disorders are medical conditions that affect the function of the thyroid gland, which produces hormones that regulate metabolism, as well as other functions, in the body. These disorders can affect the body’s ability to produce hormones and can lead to a number of health problems related to the thyroid gland.

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Causes of Thyroid Disorders

Common causes of thyroid disorders include inflammation of the thyroid, autoimmune disorders such as Hashimoto’s disease, hypothyroidism, and hyperthyroidism. The cause can also be from a goiter, which is an enlarged thyroid, or cancer of the thyroid.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms associated with thyroid disorders can differ depending on the type. Common symptoms of thyroid disorders are:

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism

  • Fatigue.
  • Rapid heart rate.
  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • Anxiety.
  • Tremors.
  • Insomnia and difficulty sleeping.
  • Heat sensitivity.
  • Enlargement of the thyroid gland.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

  • Fatigue.
  • Weight gain.
  • Depression.
  • Joint pain.
  • Dry skin.
  • Sensitivity to cold.
  • Decreased heart rate.
  • Constipation.


The treatment for thyroid disorders depends on the type and severity. Treatment options can include medications to regulate the hormones, surgery to remove the thyroid, or radiation therapy.

Thyroid Disorders and Health

Thyroid disorders can affect numerous organs and systems in the body, leading to a variety of health problems. These include fatigue, infertility, metabolic issues, depression, and heart problems.

It is important to seek medical care if you experience any of the symptoms associated with a thyroid disorder or if you have a family history of thyroid disease. Proper diagnosis and treatment of thyroid disorders can help keep you healthy and avoid potential complications.

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