Thyroid Eye Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Thyroid Disease

and Health

Thyroid Eye Disease, otherwise known as Graves’ Ophthalmology, is an autoimmune disorder affecting the eyes and the thyroid gland. It is caused by over-reactive antibodies which attack the thyroid and orbital connective tissues of the eye. The condition often results in discomfort and/or disfigurement of the eyes, which, if left untreated, can lead to permanent blindness.

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Signs, Symptoms, and Health Effects

The most common signs and symptoms of Thyroid Eye Disease are: swollen eyelids and conjunctiva, proptosis (bulging eye), and inflammation of the eye muscles. Other symptoms may include dry eyes and redness, double vision, and intolerance to bright light. In some extreme cases, Thyroid Eye Disease can also lead to vision loss and other serious health problems.

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Causes of Thyroid Eye Disease

The exact cause of Thyroid Eye Disease is not known. However, research suggests that it is related to an abnormal production of antibodies that attack the thyroid gland and tissues around the eyes. This can lead to inflammation and other health complications.

Treatment and Health Considerations

The primary treatment for Thyroid Eye Disease is aimed at reducing inflammation in the eyes and preventing further damage. Treatment may include medications, eyeglasses, and/or surgery. Additionally, maintaining a healthy lifestyle and eating a balanced diet can help to reduce the risk of developing this condition.

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Thyroid Eye Disease, Graves’ Ophthalmology, Inflammation, Eyes, Thyroid Gland, Abnormal Antibodies, Treatment, Health

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