Noninfectious rhinitis is a condition in which inflammation and swelling of the nasal passages occurs without an infection. It can result in difficulty in breathing, sneezing, and a runny or congested nose. It affects people of all ages, but often affects infants and children more severely. The most common causes are allergies, certain medications, and irritants such as smoke and strong odors.
In order to diagnose noninfectious rhinitis, a healthcare provider will need to take a complete medical history and do a physical examination. Allergy testing may be performed to determine what, if any, allergens are causing the symptoms.
The treatment of noninfectious rhinitis will depend on what is causing the inflammation and swelling of the nasal passages. If allergies are the cause, then medications such as antihistamines or nasal corticosteroids may be prescribed to help reduce symptoms. Avoiding the triggers of the allergy can also help.
If the cause is an irritant, then the best treatment is to avoid the irritant as much as possible. Exposure to strong odors, smoke, and other pollutants should be limited. A humidifier can also help to soothe the nasal passages and improve breathing.
Noninfectious rhinitis can cause serious health issues if left untreated. It can lead to sinus infections and bronchitis, which can have more serious consequences. Therefore, it is important to seek treatment as soon as possible. The earlier the condition is treated, the better the chances of preventing future health problems.
Noninfectious Rhinitis Diagnosis
When diagnosing noninfectious rhinitis, your health care provider will need to take a complete medical history and do a physical examination. Allergy testing may be performed to determine if allergies are playing a role. Skin prick tests, blood tests, and patch tests are all commonly performed.
Noninfectious Rhinitis Treatment
The treatment of noninfectious rhinitis will depend on the cause of the condition. Allergy medications such as antihistamines or nasal corticosteroids may be recommended to reduce swelling and inflammation of the nasal passages. Avoiding triggers, such as exposure to smoke and other pollutants, can also be beneficial. Using a humidifier can also help soothe the nasal passages and improve breathing.
Preventing Noninfectious Rhinitis
There are a few ways to prevent a noninfectious rhinitis from developing or from becoming worse. Avoiding irritants, such as smoke and strong odors, is essential. Keeping the nasal passages and lungs clean by avoiding exposure to dust and other pollutants can also help. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience any symptoms of noninfectious rhinitis.