Understand How Tumors Work to Advance Cancer Treatment

Understand Tumors

Understanding How Tumors Work to Advance Cancer Treatment

Advancing cancer treatment and health requires a better understanding of how tumors work. Cancer can develop when cells in the body replicate out of control, forming tumors. In the search to understand the inner workings of tumors and how they respond to treatments, scientists have identified a variety of genetic and environmental factors that effect cancer growth and development.

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What Causes Cancer?

Although its cause is not clear, researchers have identified several key factors that may affect cancer development. Mutations in cellular DNA, caused by inherited genetic mutations or other environmental factors, cause cells to grow and divide uncontrollably. This DNA damage can lead to the formation of tumors.

Understanding Tumors

Understanding tumors helps scientists provide insight into how to prevent, treat and stop the growth of cancer. Tumors are classified in two main categories: benign and malignant. Benign tumors do not usually spread to other parts of the body and can often be surgically removed. Malignant tumors, on the otherhand, do spread to other cells and can be difficult to treat.

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Studying Tumors to Advance Cancer Treatment

In order to advance cancer treatment and health, scientists use a variety of techniques and tools to study tumors. The study of tumor genetics gives insight into which treatments are best-suited for a particular cancer, and studying tumor anatomy helps scientists understand the structure of tumors, their patterns of spread, and how they respond to treatments.

The Role of Immunotherapy in Cancer

Another promising field of research is in how the body’s own immunity can be harnessed to fight cancer. Immunotherapy uses the body’s own immune system to attack cancer cells. Scientists are also exploring how to program the immune system to recognize and target tumors, making them more effective in treating cancer.

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The Benefits of Understanding How Tumors Work

As researchers gain a better understanding of how tumors work and how to treat them, the hope is for better, more effective methods of treating cancer. Through better detection, more efficient treatments and more promising outcomes, a better understanding of how tumors work can help improve the health and wellbeing of cancer patients.

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