Adenomyosis: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatments
Adenomyosis is a chronic medical condition which affects the uterus and causes recurring menstrual pain and other signs and symptoms. It is caused by the abnormal growth of endometrial tissue – the inner lining of the uterus – into the wall of the uterus. This tissue can create heavy bleeding during your menstrual cycle and cause severe abdominal pain and cramping. Health problems related to Adenomyosis can include infertility, pelvic pain, and hysterectomy.
What Causes Adenomyosis?
Adenomyosis is caused by an abnormality in endometrial tissue. This tissue normally spreads through the uterus during pregnancy and then breaks down after childbirth. In some cases, it may grow abnormally inside the uterus, forming Adenomyosis.
What Are the Symptoms?
The symptoms of Adenomyosis can include heavy menstrual bleeding, painful menstrual cycles, cramping, pain while having sex and fatigue. Other symptoms may include nausea, depression, constipation and diarrhea.
How Is It Treated?
Adenomyosis is typically treated with hormone medications, such as birth control pills or shots, for long-term suppression of the condition. Other options include hysterectomy or surgery to remove the endometrial tissue from the uterus. Alternative treatments, such as acupuncture, herbal remedies and homeopathic treatments, can also be used to help manage symptoms.
Living with Adenomyosis
Adenomyosis can be a difficult condition to live with, but there are ways to manage your symptoms and live a healthy, active life. It’s important to work with your doctor to create a treatment plan that works for you. Additionally, lifestyle changes, such as reducing stress, eating healthy and getting regular exercise, can help manage symptoms and improve your health.