Understanding PMS: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Options for Premenstrual Syndrome

Understanding Symptoms

and Health

PMS, or premenstrual syndrome, is something many women around the world suffer from and can have a significant negative impact on their life quality. Premenstrual syndrome is characterized by physical and mental changes during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, usually occurring 5-10 days before the start of your period, and then resolve within one to two days of your period starting. These symptoms can vary from woman to woman and can be physical, mental, or emotional.

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PMS Symptoms

Symptoms of premenstrual syndrome can include:

  • Mental Symptoms – depression, anxiety, irritability, poor concentration and memory, exhaustion, feeling overwhelmed
  • Physical Symptoms – headache, breast tenderness, bloating, lower back pain, cramps, nausea, acne, dizziness, fluid retention

Causes of PMS

The exact causes of premenstrual syndrome are unknown, but there are several possible theories about what might be involved. These include hormonal fluctuations, neurotransmitter imbalances, deficiencies in vitamins and minerals, and psychological factors.

Treatment Options

The treatment options for premenstrual syndrome vary depending on the severity of the symptoms. Lifestyle interventions, like maintaining a healthy diet and regular exercise, are a good place to start. Additionally, medications, nutritional supplements, and herbal remedies can all be used to help manage the symptoms of PMS.

If you are experiencing symptoms of PMS, it’s important to speak to your healthcare provider to get the right diagnosis and treatment. With the right help, you can manage your symptoms and live a healthy and fulfilled life.

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