Diabetes is a common, chronic condition that affects millions of people around the world. A growing group of drugs, known as DPP-4 inhibitors, can help people with diabetes to regulate their blood sugar levels and maintain overall health.
What Is A DPP-4 Inhibitor?
DPP-4 inhibitors are oral medications used to manage type 2 diabetes. They work by blocking the action of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4), an enzyme that breaks down certain proteins, known as incretin hormones, which control blood sugar and insulin production. By blocking the breakdown of these hormones, the medication helps to keep the blood sugar levels under control.
What Are the Benefits of Using A DPP-4 Inhibitor?
There are a number of benefits associated with using this type of drug, including:
- Improved blood sugar levels: By blocking the breakdown of incretin hormones, the medication can help to keep blood sugar levels in the normal range and minimize fluctuations.
- Increased insulin production: The medication helps to increase the production of insulin, which helps the body to process sugars and starches into energy.
- Lower risk of complication: The medication can help to reduce the risk of long-term complications from diabetes, including vision loss, heart and kidney disease.
Are There Any Side Effects?
As with any type of medication, there is a risk of side effects. Common side effects include stomach pain, headache, and nausea. Serious side effects are rare, but if they occur, it is recommended that you speak to your doctor immediately.
Understanding the benefits of DPP-4 inhibitors can help people with diabetes to manage their condition and maintain their overall health. These medications can help to keep blood sugar levels in the normal range, increase insulin production, and reduce the risk of long-term complications. It is important to talk to your doctor before taking any type of medication and to discuss any potential side effects.