What is Uveitis?
Uveitis is an inflammation of the uvea, a part of the eye consisting of the iris, ciliary body, and choroid. It occurs when the eye’s immune system gets out of balance and attacks the healthy tissue of the eye. Uveitis is considered to be an autoimmune eye disease, though in some cases it can be caused by other factors such as an infection or trauma. Uveitis can be painful and can potentially lead to serious vision damage or even blindness, so it’s important to know its causes, symptoms, treatments, and preventive measures.
Uveitis: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment
Uveitis can be caused by an autoimmune disorder where the body mistakenly attacks its own tissue, an infection like herpes or tuberculosis, or trauma to the eye. In some cases, the cause is unknown.
The most common symptoms of uveitis include redness, pain, light sensitivity, blurred vision, eye floaters, and reduced clarity of vision. Other signs include a white reflex in the pupil, swelling of the eye, an increase in the amount of fluids in the eye, and an increase in eye pressure.
Treatment for uveitis is typically focused on suppressing the immune system, limiting the damage caused to the eye, and repairing eye tissue. Depending on the type, duration, and severity of uveitis, treatment may include topical corticosteroids, oral corticosteroids, immunosuppressant drugs, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications. In some cases, surgery may be necessary.
Health Implications of Uveitis
Uveitis is a serious condition that can cause vision loss and blindness if left untreated. But if it is detected early, then it can usually be managed successfully with proper medical care. People who are diagnosed with uveitis should get regular eye exams to keep an eye on the condition, as it may recur over time. It is also important to stay on top of any potential complications, such as glaucoma or cataracts. The most important thing is to follow the treatment plan outlined by your healthcare provider and seek medical attention immediately if symptoms worsen.