- 1 What is Varicella?
- 2 Symptoms of Varicella
- 3 Complications from Varicella
- 4 Treatment for Varicella Doctors usually recommend bed rest and taking over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen to reduce fever and discomfort from the rash. A doctor may prescribe an antiviral medication such as acyclovir to treat moderate to severe cases of varicella. Vaccines should be given to children 12 months of age or older to protect against the virus. Preventing Varicella
- 5 Conclusion
What is Varicella?
Varicella (also known as chickenpox) is a highly contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus. The infection is mainly spread through direct contact with an infected person or by exposure to an infected person’s saliva or respiratory secretions. It typically results in an itchy rash of small, red bumps that can develop into blisters and eventually form a scab. If a person has not yet been exposed to the virus, they can get it from someone who has it. Symptoms can include fever, fatigue, and body aches, though more severe complications can also occur in some cases.
Symptoms of Varicella
The most common symptoms of varicella are itchy, red, fluid-filled blisters that form on the skin. The blisters spread quickly and can occur anywhere on the body, but usually begin on the face, scalp, arms, and legs. Other symptoms of varicella include fever, tiredness, headache, and loss of appetite. It takes 10-21 days after exposure to the virus before symptoms start to develop.
Complications from Varicella
In some cases, complications from varicella can occur, such as bacterial skin infections, pneumonia, encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), and even death. The varicella-zoster virus can also cause a reactivation of the infection later in life, resulting in shingles.