Vision and Eye Health and Contact Lenses: Understanding Risks and Best Practices

Vision Health

for Optimal Health

Contact lenses are one of the most popular and convenient way for many people to improve their vision. Understanding the risks and best practices for contact lens wear is important for maintaining eye health.

How Contact Lenses Work?

Contact lenses are thin and curved lenses that sit directly on the surface of the eye. They are designed to correct refractive errors, like nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism. Contact lenses attach to the cornea, the part of the eye that contributes to focus. The lens refracts the light coming into the eye, helping the vision become more clear and focused.

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Risks Associated with Contact Lens Wear

Despite the benefits, there are risks associated with contact lens wear. Because contact lenses are only a thin layer of material over the eye, they can disrupt the natural tear film which keeps the eye healthy and safe from infection. If contact lenses are not fit properly, cleaned regularly and replaced as needed, infection can occur. Poor contact lens habits can increase the risk of an eye infection like conjunctivitis and keratitis, which can be very painful and even lead to sight-threatening complications.

Best Practices for Contact Lenses

There are several best practices that need to be followed when wearing contact lenses to ensure optimal eye health.

Get Regular Eye Exams –

It is important to have regular eye exams to make sure your eyes are healthy and that your contact lenses are fitting properly. You should also get your eyes checked if you notice any changes in vision, if your eyes become painful or if you develop any symptoms of eye infection, like redness or discharge.

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Wear and Replace as Directed –

Follow your eye care provider’s instructions on how to wear, clean and replace your contact lenses. Your doctor may recommend daily, weekly, or monthly replacement. It is important to replace your contacts as recommended to reduce the risk of infection.

Follow Good Hygiene Habits –

It is important to follow good hygiene habits to reduce the risk of infection. This includes washing your hands before handling your contacts, not swimming or showering with your contacts in, and avoiding rubbing your eyes.

Use the Right Contact Lens Solution –

The type of contact lens solution you use is important. You should always use a contact lens solution that is specific to the type of contact lens you are wearing. Saline solution should never be used for storing contact lenses.

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Avoid High Risk Behaviors –

Contact lenses should never be shared and should not be put in your mouth to moisten. Additionally, you should avoid extended wear and sleeping with your contacts, as this increases the risk of infection.

Tips for Maintaining Healthy Eyes and Vision

Contact lenses can be a great way to improve your vision, but they need to be worn and cared for properly to reduce the risk of infection. In addition to following the best practices listed above, it is important to have regular eye exams, eat a healthy diet, wear protective goggles when participating in sports and to not smoke.

By following proper contact lens hygiene and best practices for contact lens wear, you can help maintain healthy vision and reduce your risk of eye infection.

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