What Is an Optic Glioma? An Overview of Symptoms and Treatment Options

Optic Glioma

What is an Optic Glioma?

An optic glioma is a rare type of central nervous system tumor which occurs in the eye’s optic nerve and nearby supportive tissue. Optic gliomas arise from glial cells, a type of supportive cell found in the central nervous system. Primarily affecting children, optic gliomas can cause vision problems and other related issues, if left untreated.

Symptoms of an Optic Glioma

The primary symptom of an optic glioma is a loss of vision, either partial or complete, in one or both eyes. Other symptoms can include headaches, crossed eyes, swelling surrounding the eye, eye pain, and/or changes to the way that light is perceived.

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Diagnosis and Treatment of Optic Glioma

Diagnosing Optic Gliomas

To diagnose an optic glioma, the medical professional will typically run several tests, such as MRIs, ultrasounds, CAT scans, and/or biopsies. By getting a closer look at the tumor, doctors can better assess the type of glioma and make a treatment plan accordingly.

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Treating Optic Gliomas

There is no one-size-fits-all treatment plan for optic glioma. Most treatment plans involve a combination of radiation, chemotherapy, and/or surgery, depending on the size and extent of the tumor. Doctors may also recommend physical therapy, nutritional supplements, and other therapies to help the patient.

Outlook for Optic Glioma Patients

When diagnosed and treated in a timely manner, most patients have an excellent prognosis. Early diagnosis is key to successful treatment of optic glioma, so it is important to report any symptoms to a medical professional as soon as possible. With the right diagnoses and treatment plan, most patients can make a full recovery and enjoy a healthy quality of life.

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Conclusion

Optic gliomas are a rare type of tumor which typically affects children. They are easily identified through MRI, CAT scan, ultrasound, and biopsy tests, and can typically be treated successfully when caught early. If you or your child experience any vision problems which last for more than a few days, it’s important to contact a medical professional as soon as possible. With the right treatment plan and early diagnosis, patients with optic glioma can make a full recovery and live a healthy life.

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