What is Cardiomyopathy and How Can You Treat It?
Cardiomyopathy is a type of heart disease where the heart muscles become weak and enlarged. It can lead to shortness of breath, chest pain, fatigue, and even heart failure if not treated. The exact cause of cardiomyopathy is not known, but it is often linked to poor cardiovascular health. Fortunately, it can often be managed with lifestyle changes and medications.
What Causes Cardiomyopathy?
Cardiomyopathy is often caused by unhealthy lifestyle habits such as being overweight, smoking, drinking too much, and a lack of physical activity. Other potential causes include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, anemia, uncontrolled diabetes, and alcoholism. In some cases, cardiomyopathy may be caused by a genetic condition or an infection.
Symptoms of Cardiomyopathy
Early signs and symptoms of cardiomyopathy include fatigue, shortness of breath, swollen ankles or feet, and a racing or fluttering heart. As the condition progresses, chest pain, irregular heartbeats, and heart murmurs can develop. If it’s left untreated, cardiomyopathy can lead to more serious problems such as heart failure and sudden cardiac death.
Treatments for Cardiomyopathy
Treating cardiomyopathy often involves lifestyle modifications such as quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet, and exercising regularly. Medications such as ACE inhibitors, beta blockers, and diuretics may be prescribed to help manage the condition. In some cases, surgery or a pacemaker may be necessary.
It’s important to monitor your cardiovascular health so that any underlying issues can be caught as early as possible. Regular check-ups with your doctor and managing any existing health conditions can help prevent the onset of cardiomyopathy. If you’re concerned that you may have cardiomyopathy or have any of the symptoms, it’s important to talk to your doctor right away for a proper diagnosis and treatment.